What are the 10 Branches Under Biological Science?

Ripton Rosen

May 9, 2023

Ripton Rosen

Biological science is a vast field that encompasses a wide range of disciplines, each with its unique focus and set of applications. Studying living organisms is essential in understanding the processes that shape life on Earth. This article will explore the ten branches of biological science and their significance.


Biochemistry is a branch of biological science that deals with the chemical processes within living organisms. It involves the study of the molecular basis of life, including the structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids.

Genetics-Biological Science

Genetics is the study of heredity and variation in living organisms. It involves the analysis of genes, DNA, and chromosomes to understand how traits are passed down from generation to generation.


Botany, also known as plant science, studies plants, including their physiology, structure, genetics, ecology, and evolution. By exploring the diversity of plant life, botanists can better understand how plant species interact with each other and their environment.


Zoology is the study of animals and their behavior, physiology, genetics, and evolution. It is an essential branch of biology because it allows us to learn about animal behavior, which can be applied to conservation, animal welfare, and agriculture.


Ecology is the study of how living organisms interact with their surroundings. It includes the analysis of ecosystems, populations, and communities and their interactions with their environment. Ecologists investigate how human activities impact these systems and ways to mitigate the effects of those impacts.


Microbiology studies microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. Microorganisms play a crucial role in many aspects of life, from maintaining human health to functioning ecosystems.


Physiology studies how living organisms function at the cellular, organ, and system levels. It involves the analysis of mechanisms that enable organisms to perform essential functions such as respiration, digestion, and circulation.

Evolutionary Biology:

Evolutionary biology studies how species change over time and adapt to their environments. It involves the analysis of the genetic, ecological, and behavioral factors that contribute to the evolution of species.


Biotechnology is the application of biological science in developing products and technologies for specific purposes. Biotech advancements are used in many fields, including medicine, agriculture, and industry.

Neuroscience-Biological Science

Neuroscience studies the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. It involves investigating neural functions such as perception, cognition, and behavior.

From biochemistry to neuroscience, these ten branches of biological science offer a comprehensive understanding of the world around us. Understanding these disciplines can help us appreciate the interconnectedness of all living organisms and the importance of furthering our knowledge of the natural world.